Die Chemins de fer du Jura, abgekürzt CJ, deutsch Jurabahnen, sind eine Eisenbahngesellschaft im Jura in der Schweiz. On 1 January 1890, the Jura–Bern–Luzern including the Gümligen–Lucerne line, which was owned by the canton of Bern, and the Western Swiss Railways (Suisse-Occidentale–Simplon, SOS) merged to form the Jura–Simplon Railways (Chemins de fer du Jura-Simplon, JS). Les chemins de fer vicinaux du Jura (CFV) constituaient un réseau de chemin de fer départemental à voie métrique de près de 200 kilomètres desservant le département du Jura. Die CJ entstand 1944 aus der Fusion der CTN, RPB, RSG und SC. Sie betreiben ein meterspuriges Schienennetz von 74,3 km Länge, eine Normalspurstrecke von 10,9 km und mehrere Autobuslinien. Bwlow is an overview of the history of the Jura bernois and the Jura–Bern–Luzern (O: opening;   T: takeover): The locomotives from the beginning were designated as class A for express-tank locomotives, B for locomotives of "Bourbonnais" design (referring to the Compagnie du chemin de fer de paris à Lyon par le Bourbonnais, a predecessor company of the PLM, which developed the design) for passenger trains on mountain lines and freight trains on valley routes, C for freight locomotives, D for pilot tender locomotives and E for shunters. The Münchenstein rail disaster on 14 June 1891 was the largest railway disaster in Switzerland to that time. The canton of Bern received JB shares worth CHF 11.56 million in return. Elle se substitue à M. Charles Nithard qui avait obtenu la concession d'un chemin de fer entre Morez et La Cure, dans le département du Jura en 1913 [1]. The Delémont–Delle railway, which was financed by French companies, was built and handed over for operations on 23 September 1872. The Nyon–St-Cergue–Morez Railway (NStCM), French: Chemin de fer Nyon–Saint-Cergue–Morez, is a narrow gauge railway in western Switzerland which nowadays operates between Nyon, on the northern shore of Lake Geneva and the French border at La Cure, the La Cure–Morez section having closed in 1958. On 5 November 1994 flooding of the river Var cut the line in several places and forced upon the line a total closure. A ce stade, je m’attèle à la traduction d’un article consacré à la Compagnie de chemin de fer «Schweizerische Nordostbahn». In addition, it was considered to have great military importance. This page was last edited on 13 November 2020, at 07:04. On 7 December 1892 the longest of the region's line, the Chemin de fer Saignelégier-La Chaux-de-Fonds (SC) was opened linking the places noted in its title. The lines extend for a total of 84.8 km of which just over 73 km is metre … The Jura bernois began construction and opened individual sections of its network between Biel, Convers (near La Chaux-de-Fonds), Delle and Basel between 1872 and 30 March 1877. Within this plan was the total electrification of the system which was completed in 1953, some 40 years after the first electric traction had run on the lines. The JB was built during the railway construction boom after 1872 and interest rates and construction prices rose sharply. Avec la livraison du nouveau matériel roulant (2016/2017). Le trafic régional voyageurs tel que celui des Chemins de fer du Jura bénéficie d’une contribution de nos commanditaires que sont les cantons du Jura, de Berne et de Neuchâtel, ainsi que de l’Office fédéral des transports (OFT). Sie betreiben ein meterspuriges Schienennetz von 74,3 km Länge, eine Normalspurstrecke von 10,9 km und mehrere Autobuslinien. A new situation arose in 1871, with the cession of Alsace-Lorraine to Germany after the Franco-Prussian War. The Grand Council of Bern, decided to conclude a contract with the SCB in 1852. The Chemins de fer du Jura, the railways of the Jura canton in north-western Switzerland, came about as the result of an amalgamation, in 1944, of four independent companies connecting Porrentruy to Bonfol, Saignelégier to La Chaux-de-Fonds, Glovelier to Saignelégier and Tavannes to Tramelan and Le Noirmont. The Bernese Jura Railway (Chemins de fer du Jura bernois, abbreviated Jura bernois, JB) was a railway company in Switzerland. The Chemin de fer Régional Saignelégier-Glovelier (RSG) was relaid to metre gauge in 1953. Locomotives of the narrow gauge Brünig Railway: This page was last edited on 26 October 2020, at 22:45. Cette page a pour but de promouvoir les activités de tourisme et de loisir des Chemins de fer du Jura (CJ). Saignelégier train station Technical Line length Total: 84.8 km (52.69 mi) metre gauge: 73.8 km (45.86 mi) standard gauge: 11 km (6.84 mi) 1.7K likes. Le Chemins de fer Jura-Simplon(en abrégé JS) était une compagnie de l'entreprise ferroviairesuisseantérieure à la nationalisation de 1902, créée en 1890 par la fusion de la Compagnie de la Suisse occidentale et du Simplon(SOS) et de la Compagnie du Jura Berne Lucerne (JBL). In 1927 the two companies amalgamated to form the Chemins de fer Tavannes-Le Noirmont. It complemented its network through acquisitions. Nowadays the CJ also operates local bus services throughout the area. With the opening of the first, over 44 km long section from Alpnachstad via the Brünig Pass to Brienz on 14 June 1888, the network of the JBL was significantly extended. Januar 1890 fusionierte die Jura–Bern–Luzern mit den Suisse-Occidentale–Simplon zur Jura … Against this background, the consistent profits of the JB were unusual. The JB bought the bankrupt Jura industriel (JI) for CHF 3.6 million on 1 May 1875 and the Chemin de fer Porrentruy–Delle (PD) for CHF 1.99 million on 16 August 1876. The rugged and economically less developed Jura had a much more limited railway network. Juli 1884 nannte sich das Unternehmen Jura–Bern–Luzern . Chemin is a commune in the Jura department in Franche-Comté in eastern France. The Jura–Bern–Lucerne merged with the Western Switzerland–Simplon Railways (Suisse-Occidentale–Simplon, SOS) to form the Jura–Simplon Railway (Jura-Simplon-Bahn), JS) on 1 January 1890. The Central Railway had no interest in competing with its existing Hauenstein Railway. The locomotives were designated according to the uniform system used throughout Switzerland from 1887. Die Chemins de fer du Jura, abgekürzt CJ, deutsch Jurabahnen, sind eine Eisenbahngesellschaft im Jura in der Schweiz. Les Chemins de fer du Jura (Suisse) : Horaires, gares, tickets, loisirs, offres. Following the amalgamation of the companies in 1943 a plan to restructure the rail system was put together and over the period from 1946 to 1953 it was put into action. Dans l’idéal, il s’agirait de traduire les articles consacrés en allemands aux compagnies de chemin de fer qui furent nationalisée à partir de 1902 à la suite de la décision populaire du rachat en 1898. The Chemins de fer du Jura (CJ), the railways of the Jura canton in north-western Switzerland, came about as the result of an amalgamation, in 1944, of four independent companies connecting Porrentruy to Bonfol, Saignelégier to La Chaux-de-Fonds, Glovelier to Saignelégier and Tavannes to Tramelan and Le Noirmont. Les Chemins de fer électriques du Jura (CFEJ), est une compagnie créée en 1917. Only the JS had sufficient resources to progress on the construction of the Simplon Tunnel that had been planned for decades. Die Chemins de fer du Jura bernois oder übersetzt Bernische Jurabahnen, kurz Jura bernois, waren eine Bahngesellschaft in der Schweiz. On 1 January 1891, the JS took over the operations of the Pont–Vallorbe Railway (Chemin de fer Pont–Vallorbe, PV). Category:Chemins de fer du Jura From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository This is a main category requiring frequent diffusion and maybe maintenance. Elle est le résultat de la fusion, en 1944, de quatre compagnies : Porrentruy-Bonfol, Saignelégier-La Chaux-de-Fonds, Glovelier-Saignelégier et Tavannes-Tramelan-Le Noirmont. The line, with a length of 25 km (15.5 mi) ran from Saignelégier (Place d'Armes) to La Chaux-de-Fonds, the final kilometre being laid along the streets to the town centre. Chemins de fer du Jura (acronyme CJ, en italien Chemins de fer du Jura) Il est une société d'exploitation chemin de fer de Suisse créé le 1er Janvier 1944 par la fusion de quatre entreprises: RPB (Porrentruy-Bonfol) Caroline du Sud (Saignelégier-La Chaux-de-Fonds) RSG (Saignelégier-Glovelier) et CTN (Tavannes-Tramelan-Le Noirmont). Thus, the Bernese Jura came into possession of the continuous Delle–Bern–Lucerne line, which connected with the Gotthard Railway. Elle se substitue à M. Charles Nithard qui avait obtenu la concession d'un chemin de fer entre Morez et La Cure, dans le département du Jura en 1913 [1]. Locomotives and Rolling Stock details are taken from the CJ official stock lists backed up with photographic evidence. The revenue from freight was higher than the revenue from passengers in each year from 1878. The Bernese Jura Railway (Chemins de fer du Jura bernois, abbreviated Jura bernois, JB) … This route competed with the route of the Swiss Central Railway (Centralbahn) via Olten, which lost direct access to the railway from Basel to France after the Franco-Prussian War. Lorsque fut ouverte par la compagnie du Jura Industriel, le 2 juillet 1857, la première ligne de chemin de fer de la chaîne du Jura suisse entre La Chaux-de-Fonds et Le Locle, la plus ancienne voie ferrée de Suisse (Zürich - Baden) n'avait que 10 ans d'existence. Die CJ entstand 1944 aus der Fusion der CTN, RPB, RSG, und SC. Under the chairmanship of Xavier Stockmar, the Zentralkomitee für die jurassische Eisenbahn (Central Committee for the Jura Railways) planned a railway line from Biel/Bienne to Basel with a branch from Delémont to Porrentruy. Neuchâtel–Le Locle-Col-des-Roches railway, Neuchâtel–La Chaux-de-Fonds–Le Locle–Col des Roches, uniform system used throughout Switzerland, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Bernese_Jura_Railway&oldid=985613477, Pages with no gauge entered in Infobox rail line, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Own access to La Chaux-de-Fonds after separation from the. The class designation valid from 1902 is listed in brackets. Le Chemins de fer Jura-Simplon (en abrégé JS) était une compagnie de l' entreprise ferroviaire suisse antérieure à la nationalisation de 1902, créée en 1890 par la fusion de la Compagnie de la Suisse occidentale et du Simplon (SOS) et de la Compagnie du Jura Berne Lucerne (JBL). Talk:Chemins de fer du Jura. Les Chemins de fer électriques du Jura (CFEJ), est une compagnie créée en 1917. The bridge over the Birs built by Gustave Eiffel for the Bernese Jura collapsed shortly after the merger. The company was called the Jura–Bern–Luzern (Jura–Bern–Lucerne, JBL) from 1 July 1884. Language; Watch; Edit; There are no discussions on this page. Historique[modifier| modifier le code] Wikipedia is a free online encyclopedia, created and edited by volunteers around the world and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation. To connect the Bernese Jura to the old part of the canton, the Grand Council provided a subsidy of CHF 6,950,000 of the estimated construction cost of CHF 40 million in 1867. Chemins de fer du Jura, Saignelégier. Chemins de fer vicinaux du Jura Learn how and when to remove this template message, Chemin de fer Tramelan-Les Breuleux-Le Noirmont, Chemin de fer Saignelégier-La Chaux-de-Fonds, Chemin de fer Régional Saignelégier-Glovelier, Website der Compagnie des chemins de fer du Jura SA (CJ) (French), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Chemins_de_fer_du_Jura&oldid=988448587, Articles needing additional references from May 2017, All articles needing additional references, Articles with incomplete citations from May 2017, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The Central Railway’s construction now concentrated for a period on the more populated areas in the Swiss Plateau. The Jura bernois was founded in 1874 as a joint-stock company, with the French Chemins de fer de l'Est subscribing CHF 4½ million and the canton of Basel-Stadt subscribing CHF 0.5 million. For the start of the operations of the Bern-Lucerne Railway Company (Bern-Luzern-Bahn, BLB) in 1875, the BLB and the Bernese Jura formed a joint operating company called the Jura–Bern–Luzern (Lucerne). The recession of 1876 and the subsequent "railway crisis" almost bankrupted even the financially solid Swiss Northeastern Railway (Schweizerische Nordostbahn, NOB). To these lines was added that between Porrentruy and Bonfol in 1901, between Glovelier and Saignelégier in 1904, both of these being laid to 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in) (standard gauge) and finally, in 1910 the 1,000 mm (3 ft 3 3⁄8 in) (metre gauge) line between Bonfol and Pfetterhouse, this last named being the only closure to date, seeing its last passenger train in 1970. Am 1. Le Chemins de fer Jura-Simplon(en abrégé JS) était une compagnie de l'entreprise ferroviairesuisseantérieure à la nationalisation de 1902, créée en 1890 par la fusion de la Compagnie de la Suisse occidentale et du Simplon(SOS) et de la Compagnie du Jura Berne Lucerne(JBL). The extended route network prompted the railway to change its name to the Jura–Bern–Luzern (JBL). Seit dem 1. Les chemins de fer vicinaux du Jura(CFV) constituaient un réseau de chemin de fer départemental à voie métrique de près de 200 kilomètres ayant desservi le département du Juradurant la première moitié du XXe siècle. It took over the Bernese State Railway (Bernische Staatsbahn, BSB), including the Zollikofen–Biel –La Neuveville line in 1877. A line built across French territory and through the Bernese Jura would connect the Paris–Belfort line directly to the Swiss Plateau. Elle se substitue à M. Charles Nithard qui avait obtenu la concession d'un chemin de fer entre Morez et La Cure, dans le département du Jura en 1913. The metre-gauge line with sections of rack connects the two tourist regions of Central Switzerland and the Bernese Highlands. The following locomotives were available to the Jura–Bern–Lucerne. Les Chemins de fer du Jura (CJ) est une compagnie de chemin de fer suisse. However, the JN could not earn enough to pay its rent, which made support by the public sector necessary. From this point on it was the largest Swiss railway company; it was partly owned by the Swiss Confederation as a result of the purchase of shares on the market. The Jura–Bern–Luzern built the Brünig Railway from 25 August 1886. The SBB renumbered the locomotives taken over after the completion of boiler revisions. This company continued to exist even after the bankruptcy of the BLB and, as of 1 July 1882, the JB leased the line from Bern to Lucerne, which now belonged to the canton of Bern. The Chemins de fer du Jura (CJ), the railways of the Jura canton in north-western Switzerland, came about as the result of an amalgamation, in 1944, of four independent companies connecting Porrentruy to Bonfol, Saignelégier to La Chaux-de-Fonds, Glovelier to Saignelégier and Tavannes to Tramelan and Le Noirmont. The Chemins de Fer de Provence closed the Gare du Sud in December 1991 and moved its terminating services to Nice CP. The extension from Alpnachstad to Lucerne followed on 1 June 1889. [note 3]. The first company to open a line in the region was the Chemin de fer Tavannes-Tramelan in 1884, the metre gauge line linking the villages in its name. 17 before departure, Convers station, on the left La Chaux-de-Fonds–Neuchâtel train, right track from Biel. Bond of the Compagnie des Chemins de Fer Jura-Simplon, issued 17 October 1894 The Jura–Simplon Railways was a railway company, which was formed from the 1890 merger of the two most important western Swiss railway companies, the Jura–Bern–Lucerne Railway (JBL), including the Gümligen–Lucerne line belonging to the canton of Bern, and the Western Swiss Railways ( Chemins de … The Jura–Bern–Luzern also took care of the operation of the Bödelibahn (Bödeli Railway, BB) Därligen–Interlaken–Bönigen opened in 1872. The Chemins de fer du Jura (CJ), the railways of the Jura canton in north-western Switzerland, came about as the result of an amalgamation, in 1944,[1] of four independent companies connecting Porrentruy to Bonfol, Saignelégier to La Chaux-de-Fonds, Glovelier to Saignelégier and Tavannes to Tramelan and Le Noirmont. Capital procurement, construction and transfer of track, Junction with the Olten–Lucerne line of the Centralbahn, Placid Weissenbach puts the purchase price at CHF 5,141,079, while an amount of CHF 5.25 million is mentioned in, Property length according to official railway statistics quoted in. This line was extended under the guise of the Chemin de fer Tramelan-Les Breuleux-Le Noirmont to reach Le Noirmont and the whole was electrified in 1913. The railway network of the Canton of Bern initially developed according to the interests of the Swiss Central Railway (Schweizerische Centralbahn, SCB). The Central Railway undertook to build the Murgenthal–Bern line and the Solothurn–Herzogenbuchsee railway within four years and in return received tax exemption and the privilege of being given preferential treatment in future grants of concessions to build railways. As many pictures and media files as possible should be moved into appropriate subcategories. Ten years after its construction, the Canton of Neuchâtel exercised its buyback right and acquired the Neuchâtel–La Chaux-de-Fonds–Le Locle line on 1 January 1886 for around CHF 5 million,[note 4] so it could lease it to the newly established Jura neuchâtelois (JN). Although the concession was granted, it was not built due to lack of funds. 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