1:42. [219] Official statistics showed increases of about 20% and 27% in overall fatalities in Puerto Rico during September 2017, compared to 2016 and 2015, followed by a decrease of about 10% in October 2017 compared to the previous two Octobers. [32] Rip currents from Maria caused three swimmers to drown and several others to be rescued at the Jersey Shore on the weekend of September 23–24. Le 26 septembre, le navire de l'hôpital USNS Comfort commença ses préparatifs pour le déploiement et devait prendre une semaine pour arriver à Porto Rico[125],[126]. [137], One month after the hurricane, 88% of the island was without power (about 3 million people), 29% lacked tap water (about 1 million people), and 40% of the island had no cell service. Il poursuivit la traversée de toute l'île dans une trajectoire d'ouest-nord-ouest et émergea sur l'océan Atlantique peu avant 18 h UTC. Plusieurs districts ont subi des pannes électriques localisées à la suite de bris des lignes[52]. [16] Maria weakened significantly while traversing Puerto Rico, but was able to restrengthen to a major hurricane once it emerged over the Atlantic later that afternoon, eventually attaining a secondary peak intensity with winds of 125 mph (205 km/h) on September 22, while north of Hispaniola. 12 Sep 2017 . [267] The governor then demanded that the contract be cancelled; this was executed on October 29. [147] The territory's government contracted 56 small companies to assist in restoring power. Lors de l'Assemblée générale des Nations Unies du 23 septembre, le Premier ministre a réitéré que la situation en Dominique d'« une urgence humanitaire internationale »[108]. [254][255] While in Puerto Rico, Trump also distributed canned goods and paper towels to crowds gathered at a relief shelter[256] and told the residents of the devastated island "I hate to tell you, Puerto Rico, but you've thrown our budget a little out of whack, because we've spent a lot of money on Puerto Rico, and that's fine. Maria fait partie des catastrophes environnementales de l'été 2017. In Haiti, the recovery continues, as Hurricane Matthew was the largest humanitarian emergency there … [168], On September 28, 2017, Lieutenant General Jeffrey S. Buchanan was dispatched to Puerto Rico to lead all military hurricane relief efforts there and to see how the military could be more effective in the recovery effort, particularly in dealing with the thousands of containers of supplies that were stuck in port because of "red tape, lack of drivers, and a crippling power outage". L'ensemble de Porto Rico fut déclaré une zone de catastrophe par le gouvernement fédéral des États-Unis peu de temps après l'ouragan[115]. [32] Schools in Dare County closed on September 26 and 27, while schools in Carteret and Tyrrell counties, along with Ocracoke Island, dismissed early on September 26, in anticipation of high winds. [203][dubious – discuss], FEMA was a major supplier of relief in the form of bereavement, food, and other emergency supplies, as well as rebuilding some homes. La plupart des maisons ont perdu leur toit, et nombreuses sont celles détruites, par l'un ou l'autre des ouragans[81]. [228] The task of reviewing the death toll was given to George Washington University, with some assistance from the University of Puerto Rico, in February 2018. Si w se maren, pechè, operatè kabotaj, koute meteyo ak previzyon sou sitiyasyon lanmè a. Embedded in the westerlies, Maria accelerated toward the east and later east-northeast over the open Atlantic, becoming extratropical on September 30 and dissipating by October 2. Angelique Sina's non-profit organization, Friends of Puerto Rico, had supplied generators for hospitals in two cities, by November, 2017. On October 11, 2017, Vox reported 81 deaths directly or indirectly related to the hurricane, with another 450 deaths awaiting investigation. franceinfo. Passant à 50 km au nord de la Martinique, Maria y a provoqué des pluies torrentielles et de fortes rafales, on releva jusqu’à 130 km/h pour la station de la Caravelle [66], heureusement l'île échappa aux vents les plus forts qui s'étendaient à 35 km du centre de l'œil[67],[68]. À la Guadeloupe, les plus forts vents de Maria soufflèrent sur le sud de l'archipel durant des heures du 18 au 19 septembre[74]. [186], On October 13, the Trump administration requested $4.9 billion to fund a loan program that Puerto Rico could use to address basic functions and infrastructure needs. 0:46. Aucun décès ne fut signalé sur l'île, bien que quatre personnes furent blessées, dont deux sérieusement[33]. [38] Damage from Maria across Guadeloupe amounted to at least €100 million (US$120 million). Three people were killed yesterday in Haiti as heavy rains associated with the powerful Hurricane Maria lashed sections of the country. Les premiers rapports de Roseau indiquèrent une « dévastation totale », avec la moitié du village inondé, les voitures parties avec la crue des eaux et la zone résidentielle « aplaties »[59],[60]. La Maison-Blanche a contesté les allégations selon lesquelles l'administration ne répondait pas efficacement[143]. Le navire d'assaut amphibie USS Kearsarge, qui était venu en aide aux victimes de l'ouragan Irma, quitte Saint-Thomas aux îles Vierges des États-Unis afin de ne pas subir l'ouragan directement. franceinfo. Can we can we sell the island? A couple of days later, Comfort departed on an around the island tour to assist, remaining a dozen miles off shore. Cascading outages affected areas powered by substations in Villa Betina and Quebrada Negrito. Maria wrought catastrophic devastation to the entirety of Dominica, which suffered an island-wide communication blackout. [7] Gradual organization occurred as it progressed westward across the tropical Atlantic under the influence of a mid-level ridge that was located to the system's north,[8][9] and by 12:00 UTC on September 16, it had developed into Tropical Depression Fifteen, as deep convection consolidated and developed into curved bands wrapping into an increasingly-defined center of circulation. "[257], On October 12, Trump tweeted, "We cannot keep FEMA, the Military & the First Responders, who have been amazing (under the most difficult circumstances) in P.R. Environ 60 000 personnes ont perdu l'électricité. L’ouragan Maria est le quatorzième cyclone tropical, le septième ouragan dont le quatrième ouragan majeur de la saison cyclonique 2017 dans l'océan Atlantique nord et le deuxième ouragan de catégorie 5 après l'ouragan Irma survenu une semaine auparavant. [250] The organization released a statement, saying in part: "While the US government is engaged in relief efforts, it has failed to address the most urgent needs. ACAPS Briefing Note Hurrican Irma (11 Sept. 2017) Download . [115][116], Hurricane Maria greatly affected Puerto Rico's agriculture. [195] This caused a months long shortage in medical supplies in the United States, especially of IV bags. [241][242][243] The Jones Act was waived for a period of ten days starting on September 28 following a formal request by Puerto Rico Governor Rosselló. [94] The coastal La Perla neighborhood of San Juan was largely destroyed. [252], On October 3, 2017, President Trump visited Puerto Rico. They say two people in the district of … There's a humanitarian emergency here in Puerto Rico. [154] Full operations at the ports of Guayanilla, Salinas, and Tallaboa resumed on September 25, while the ports of San Juan, Fajardo, Culebra, Guayama, and Vieques had limited operations. PREPA Executive Director Ricardo Ramos stated: "Whitefish was the only company—it was the first that could be mobilized to Puerto Rico. [60] By September 19, Maria had knocked out power to 70,000 households, about 40% of the population. It will be replaced with Margot for the 2023 Atlantic hurricane season. [263] and less than a month later Trump described the federal response to Hurricane Maria as "an incredible, unsung success ... the best job we did was Puerto Rico [compared to hurricanes in Texas and Florida] but nobody would understand that". [247] President Donald Trump responded to accusations that he does not care about Puerto Rico: "Puerto Rico is very important to me, and Puerto Rico—the people are fantastic people. [164] By September 28, the Port of San Juan had only been able to dispatch 4% of deliveries received and had very little room to accept additional shipments. [33], The outer rainbands of Maria produced heavy rainfall and strong gusts across the southern Windward Islands. "We are dying and you are killing us with the inefficiency," she said. Finalement, en soirée du 23 septembre, l'ouragan s'étant éloigné des côtes des Bahamas, tous les avertissements furent annulés jusqu'à ce que Maria passe au large de la côte de la Caroline du Nord. Les bandes de pluie externe de Maria ont brossé les Outer Banks de Caroline du Nord le 26 septembre alors que le centre de la tempête passait au large en s'affaiblissant. Un grand œil de 75 km de diamètre s'est redéveloppé et tôt le 21 septembre, le système a retrouvé l'intensité de la catégorie 3[20]. À 21h35 local (1 h 35 UTC le 19 septembre), l’œil de Maria est passé directement sur l'île et des vents extrêmes de 260 km/h soufflèrent au loin les toits de nombreuses maisons, y compris la résidence officielle du Premier ministre Roosevelt Skerrit. [271], On April 11, 2018, at the 40th session of the Regional Association Hurricane Committee, the World Meteorological Organization retired the name Maria from its rotating name lists, due to the highly extensive amount of damage and loss of life it caused along its path, especially in Dominica, Saint Croix, and Puerto Rico, and it will never again be used to name an Atlantic hurricane. [205], As a consequence of the hurricane, a population drop of approximately 14% was forecasted, due to an exodus to the mainland United States, according to a research study conducted by the Center for Puerto Rican Studies of Hunter College. ", "They lost homes in Hurricane Maria, but didn't have deeds. Le 19, les Bahamas et les îles Turks-et-Caïcos sont alertés à leur tour[28]. [253] Trump's remarks were widely criticized for implying that Hurricane Maria was not a "real catastrophe". [29] By September 19, 2017, at least 2,000 people in Puerto Rico had sought shelter. Overview. Dominion North Carolina Power et Cape Hatteras Electric Cooperative ont aussi connu des coupures de courant dispersées. Meanwhile, the driving force of the economy—tourism—was expected to be scarce in the months that followed Maria. Elle est ainsi devenue une dépression frontale se dirigeant vers les îles Britanniques tout en faiblissant encore plus sur une trajectoire assez similaire à celle de Lee[24]. Hurricane Maria became the costliest hurricane to track across the Caribbean on record, and the second- costliest storm of the 2017 Atlantic Hurricane Season. U.S territory • Puerto Rico • Death toll controversy [140] The island's highways and bridges remained heavily damaged nearly a month later. [85][86] Homes on Terre-de-Haut Island of Les Saintes were flooded or lost their roofs. J'ai grandi à New York, donc je connais beaucoup de gens de Porto Rico »[145]. [139] About half of sewage treatment plants on the island were still not functioning. Le gouverneur de Porto Rico, Ricardo Rosselló, a déclaré que les réparations prendraient des mois; le maire de San Juan, Carmen Yulín Cruz, estimant que certaines zones resteraient sans électricité de quatre à six mois[96],[97]. Au 25 septembre 2017, la Garde côtière américaine rapportait que les ports de Crown Bay, East Gregerie Channel, West Gregerie Channel et Redhook Bay sur Saint-Thomas; les ports de Krause Lagoon, Limetree Bay et Frederiksted sur Sainte-Croix, et le port de Cruz Bay sur Saint-John étaient ouverts avec restrictions[116]. [107] Only twelve radio stations, namely WAPA 680 AM, WPAB 550 AM & WISO 1260 AM of Ponce, WKJB 710 AM, WPRA 990 AM & WTIL 1300 AM of Mayaguez, WMIA 1070 AM of Arecibo, WVOZ 1580 AM of Morovis, WXRF 1590 AM of Guayama, WALO 1240 AM of Humacao and WOIZ 1130 AM of Guayanilla, remained on the air during the storm. Huit équipes de recherche et de sauvetage urbaines de la FEMA furent ensuite déployées pour aider aux efforts de sauvetage[116]. [83] Along those regions, the hurricane kicked up extremely rough seas with 20 ft (6 m) waves. La France envoya de l'aide a la Dominique depuis la Martinique et la Guadeloupe[113]. Les six députés de l’Assemblée nationale ont pu quitter Haïti . "[161] After remaining offshore for three weeks, the Comfort docked in San Juan on October 27, briefly departing only once to restock at sea from a naval resupply ship. [31], As Maria approached the coast of North Carolina and threatened to bring tropical storm conditions, a storm surge warning was issued for the coast between Ocracoke Inlet and Cape Hatteras, while a storm surge watch was issued for the Pamlico Sound, the lower Neuse River, and the Alligator River on the morning of September 26. Le centre de l'ouragan est passé à moins de 30 km de Sainte-Croix vers 5 h UTC le 20 septembre, le mur de l’œil externe frappant l'île mais celui intérieur, plus violent, restant au large des côtes[14]. "Oxfam rarely responds to humanitarian emergencies in the US and other wealthy countries, but as the situation in Puerto Rico worsens and the federal government's response continues to falter, we have decided to step in. Se déplaçant lentement vers le nord-ouest puis le nord, il affecta l'est des Bahamas avant de graduellement se diriger entre les Bahamas et les Bermudes tout en faiblissant. La distribution d'eau potable était coupée pour 50 000 clients, en particulier dans les communes du Morne-Rouge et du Gros-Morne[67],[33]. [141], By October 1, 2017, there were ongoing fuel shortage and distribution problems, with 720 of 1,100 gas stations open. [120] Following the destruction of thousands of homes, most supermarkets and the water supply system, many of Dominica's residents were in dire need of food, water and shelter for days. And these are great people, and we have to help them. [56][57], Passing 30 mi (50 km) off the northern shorelines, Maria brought torrential rainfall and strong gusts to Martinique but spared the island of its hurricane-force windfield,[58] which at the time extended 25 mi (35 km) around the eye. [102], The hurricane completely destroyed the island's power grid, leaving all 3.4 million residents without electricity. En novembre 2017, un rapport paru à CNN donna un nouvel estimé du nombre de décès causé par Maria à Porto Rico. Il s'agit du plus puissant ouragan à frapper ce pays depuis celui de San Felipe Segundo de 1928[18]. [61] Water service was cut to 50,000 customers, especially in the communes of Le Morne-Rouge and Gros-Morne. 1:48. After landfall, wind gusts of 109 mph (175 km/h) were reported at Yabucoa Harbor and 118 mph (190 km/h) at Camp Santiago. Buildings in Grand Bay, the parish's main settlement, experienced total roof failure or were otherwise structurally compromised. - Protéger la sécurité alimentaire des pêcheurs vulnérables affectés par l’ouragan Maria à travers le rétablissement de leurs activités. [189] On November 5, more than 100,000 people had left Puerto Rico for the mainland. On April 19, 2018 (Thursday), Puerto Rico's power company said that it has restored electricity to all customers affected by an island-wide blackout that was caused by an excavator hitting a transmission line, but tens of thousands of families still remain without normal service seven months after hurricanes Maria and Irma. [137], Elaine Duke, who was, at the time, the acting Secretary of Homeland Security, recalled years later that President Trump suggested "selling" Puerto Rico in the aftermath of the hurricane. Après un léger affaiblissement à la catégorie 4, Maria repasse en catégorie 5 vers 5 h du matin toujours au dessus de l'Archipel de La Guadeloupe en direction nord-ouest[9]. En dépit de la formation de deux yeux concentriques, un œil externe de diamètre entre 40 et 56 km et celui interne de seulement 8 km, le centre intérieur de Maria est resté ininterrompue durant l'après-midi alors que normalement ceci indique le début d'un cycle de remplacement du mur de l'œil[10]. Les autorités haïtiennes, qui se préparent au passage de l’ouragan Maria au large de la côte nord du pays, ont elles aussi soulevé la question de la responsabilité du changement climatique. she remembered him saying. Selon une mise à jour préliminaire de l'Agence de gestion des situations d'urgence en cas de catastrophe des Caraïbes (CDEMA) du 19 septembre, on comptait 6 morts sur La Dominique[65]. L'ouragan Matthew déferle sur Haïti et les Caraïbes. L'ouragan Eta dévaste la côte caraïbe du Nicaragua. See Mariani photos and images from satellite below, explore the aerial photographs of Mariani in Haiti. [106] Communication networks were crippled across the island. Au moins huit personnes sont mortes en raison de ces inondations, alors que beaucoup sont disparues[102]. More than 2,000 people were rescued once military relief reached the town 24 hours after the storm. [73] With no access to electricity or running water, and with sewage systems destroyed, fears of widespread diarrhea and dysentery arose. [32][33] Schools in Currituck County were closed on September 27, due to high winds. Le 19 septembre 2017, à la suite du passage de l'ouragan Maria, le premier ministre Roosevelt Skerrit déclare : « [les habitants de la Dominique] ont perdu tout ce qui pouvait être perdu »[107]. Le don était particulièrement pour les villes de Humacao, Santa Isabel, Ponce, Patillas, Arroyo et Guayama, et fut initié par le joueur des Dodgers Kike Hernandez avec les 225 000 $ amassés avec sa fiancée lors de différentes collectes de fonds[139]. Le système dérive vers l'ouest sans trop de changement mais entre finalement dans une zone favorable au développement le 16 septembre pour devenir la dépression tropicale Quinze à 18 h UTC et la tempête tropicale Maria à 21 h UTC à 1 000 km à l'est-sud-est des Petites Antilles[4]. Les propos de Trump ont été largement critiqués pour avoir impliqué que l'ouragan Maria n'était pas une « véritable catastrophe[37] ». Ses vents soutenus ont atteint à son apogée 280 km/h et sa pression centrale était inférieure à 908 hPa, faisant de Maria le dixième plus intense des cyclones de l'Atlantique depuis la création d'archives fiables. as Puerto Ricans Scramble to Help Most Vulnerable", "Does Trump care about Puerto Rico's hurricane victims? [50] Several districts experienced localized blackouts due to downed or damaged power lines. [205] In addition, 10% of mortgage holders in Puerto Rico were delinquent at the time (compared to 5.8% on the mainland), an indication of the fragile state of the local economy. [240] A DHS Security spokesman said that there would be enough U.S. shipping for Puerto Rico, and that the limiting factors would be port capacity and local transport capacity. Poursuivant de plus en plus rapidement dans cette direction, Maria en vient à rencontrer des eaux plus froides et un cisaillement des vents en augmentation de telle sorte que le système s'affaiblit graduellement. Hurricane Irma & Maria. Introduction Conclusion L'ouragan Maria était fini sa tour le 16 septembre,2011. [261][262], After the official death toll was updated to the estimated 2,975 on August 28, 2018, President Donald Trump stated that he still believed the federal government did a "fantastic job" in its hurricane response . Much of the housing stock and infrastructure were left beyond repair, while the island's lush vegetation was practically eradicated. [210], As of January 2019, the Department of Housing and Urban Development had allocated nearly $20 billion in grants to aid Puerto Rico's reconstruction. Les quantités enregistrées furent de 191 mm à Pointe-à-Pitre, de 163 mm dans l'unité urbaine de Basse-Terre et jusqu'à 459 mm à Matouba dans la localité montagneuse de Saint-Claude[69],[75]. La cinquième victime est un Dominicain mort dans un glissement de terrain[43]. [7], Upon the initiation of the National Hurricane Center (NHC)'s first advisories for the system that would become Tropical Storm Maria on the morning of September 16, the government of France issued tropical storm watches for the islands of Martinique and Guadeloupe, while St. Lucia issued a tropical storm watch for its citizens, and the government of Barbados issued a similar watch for Dominica. [166] On September 29, the amphibious assault ship USS Wasp which had been providing relief activities to the island of Dominica was diverted to Puerto Rico. [103] Beyond flights involving the relief effort, limited commercial traffic resumed at Luis Muñoz Marín International Airport on September 22 under primitive conditions. Created: 12/10/2016 + Share. [224] Robert Anderson at the National Center for Health Statistics conveyed the increase in monthly fatalities was statistically significant and likely driven in some capacity by Hurricane Maria. It concluded that the U.S. military itself performed as well in Puerto Rico as it does in its international relief missions, and that coordination had been greatly improved since Katrina, but that real shortcomings exist in planning for disasters. [122] USS Wasp, previously deployed to Saint Martin to assist in relief efforts after Hurricane Irma, arrived in Dominica on September 22. He compared the damage from Hurricane Maria to that of Hurricane Katrina, saying: "If you looked—every death is a horror, but if you look at a real catastrophe like Katrina, and you look at the tremendous hundreds and hundreds and hundreds of people that died, and you look at what happened here with really a storm that was just totally overbearing, nobody has seen anything like this ... What is your death count as of this morning, 17?". [15], Entering the Caribbean Sea, Maria weakened slightly to a Category 4 hurricane due to land interaction with the island of Dominica, however it quickly restrengthened to a Category 5 hurricane and attained its peak intensity with winds of 175 mph (280 km/h) and a pressure of 908 mbar (hPa; 26.81 inHg) at 03:00 UTC on September 20 while southeast of Puerto Rico; this ranks it as the tenth-most intense Atlantic hurricane since reliable records began.

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